• Science Grade 5

    Scope and Sequence: 

    FIFTH GRADE Updated 2021

    **Elem Science in NHPS uses kits that rotate among schools.

    Check with each school for Rotation Details.                              

    Science Grade 5


    • Develop and explain multiple models of organisms’ life cycles: including birth, growth, reproduction, death.
    • Analyze and interpret data and evidence how organisms inherit traits from parents and how variation in those traits may influence their survival.
    • Construct an argument based on evidence from the past about how factors, such as climate, may affect how organisms survive.
    • Build and test a solution designed to keep an animal safe when the environment changes.
    • Collect and analyze detailed numerical data about weather conditions of the past and present to predict and forecast patterns and events.
    • Analyze climates around the world, and factors influencing climate changes, and use data to predict future events.
    • Investigate how unbalanced and balanced contact forces affect the patterns of motion in objects, including repeating motion, such as pendulums.
    • Use evidence of non-contact forces affecting motion (such as magnetism) to build a device that solves a motion problem


    • Make observations about demonstrations, experiments and phenomena.
    • Form questions and wonderings about phenomena using observations and prior knowledge.
    • Ask questions about others’ explanations.
    • Use appropriate tools to make measurements and collect numerical data.
    • Plan and conduct cause/effect investigations that are “fair tests”.
    • Explain safety and ethical impacts of science investigations and solutions.
    • Design and refine visual or physical models that explain science events.
    • Display data using visual representations, including tables and graphs.
    • Connect data to appropriate explanations.
    • Construct and defend explanations about science concepts based on evidence.
    • Communicate with others about science claims and flaws in reasoning based on evidence
    • Use appropriate science vocabulary when communicating about science events.
    • Relate the use of science and technology to both causes of societal problems and possible solutions.
    • Design multiple solutions to real-life problems, and be able to improve them based on results.

    Science How You Can Help Your Child

    • Visit together, observe together, wonder together, think together, tinker together and most importantly, talk together!
    • Be positive about science learning. Don’t ever say science (or math) is “hard”!
    • Encourage perseverance. Often in science/math there is not an answer immediately, it takes time and effort.
    • Be positive about your child being curious about the world and taking time to “figure things out” by predicting, talking, investigating, not just “learn about” by looking up an answer.
    • Encourage students to develop and test their own understandings and explanations of the world.
    • Encourage exploration of objects around the house (movement, light, sound, heat), the world outside (sky, weather, trees, yard, the earth), living things (humans, animals, plants) and technology (cars, TVs, machines).
    • Encourage use of measurement tools at home (hand lens, rulers, thermometers, scales).
    • Encourage use of math, especially statistics in solving problems and analyzing data.
    • Help your child investigate the wide variety of careers in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math.
    • Use and visit local resources (museums, parks, family nights, science programs/events at Yale, other places).

    ** NOTE: FIFTH GRADE IS ALSO THE STATE REQUIRED NextGenerationScienceStandards Test (NGSS).

    GUIDE TO NGSS FOR PARENTS, Interpretive Guide to NGSS Testing

    FIFTH GRADE NGSS Standards By Quarter  


    DETAILED GRADE BY GRADE OVERVIEW WITH NextGenerationScience Standards per Grade/Course and Quarter